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EPPI Citizenship - Citizenship Education Review Group

The Citizenship Education Review Group (CERG) has been established to support and guide the development of systematic reviews of empirical research evidence relating to citizenship education. It is supported by the EPPI Centre (Evidence for Policy and Practice Co-ordinating Centre) which is based at the Institute of Education. The first review was funded partly by the EPPI Centre and partly by the ITT CitizEd Project. The second review is being funded by the EPPI Centre.

The reviews are designed to be useful to practitioners, policy makers and researchers by addressing questions relevant to all three groups.

The Review Group represents a significant range of expertise in citizenship education and totals twenty people, representing teacher educators, researchers, NGOs and practitioners. The Chair of the group is Professor Bart McGettrick (University of Glasgow) and the co-ordinator is Dr Ruth Deakin Crick (University of Bristol). Click this link to see the membership of the Review Group.

The First Review

The question for the first review was: What is the impact of citizenship education on the provision of schooling?

The provision of schooling is understood to mean those structures and processes that constitute the school as a learning organisation (Alexander 1992). These are:

In order to achieve all the aims of the review it will be necessary to address the further question 'What are the implications of the findings of the review for teacher education?'
The first review is now complete and will be published at the REEL database (Deakin Crick R, Coates M, Taylor M, Ritchie S (2004). A systematic review of the impact of citizenship education on the provision of schooling. In: Research Evidence in Education Library, London: EPPI Centre Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education.)

Main Findings Of This Review

The evidence gathered from fourteen studies makes a significant contribution to knowledge about the context of delivery of citizenship education, for policy, practice and research.

The fifteen combined findings are grouped below according to their relevance to one or two of the six themes. The chief sources of evidence for each finding are indicated by the numbers in brackets (referring to the studies listed in Appendix 1). Where findings are listed twice, they are cross-referenced in brackets as [also in…]:

(i) Learning and teaching


(ii) Curriculum construction and development

(iii) School ethos and context

(iv) Leadership & Management

(v) External relations and community

(vi) Teacher learning, knowledge and practice

The full review can be found at

The Second Review

The second review has recently been completed and a summary is available.

March 2006 Citizenship Education Review Group