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Andrews, Rhys

Rhys Andrews PhD is a Research Fellow in the Centre for Local and Regional Government Research, Cardiff University. Dr Andrews has worked on a variety of projects researching citizenship education, including a recent study of civic education in English local government on behalf of the Department for Communities and Local Government

Barber, Carolyn Henry

Carolyn Henry Barber is a Graduate Fellow in the Department of Human Development in the College of Education University of Maryland, College Park, USA. Her research interests include the sociology and social psychology of education. She co-authored a report for the Council of Europe using IEA data and serves as a resource for researchers interested in using the IEA Civic Education Study's database or instruments.

Bickmore, Kathy

Kathy Bickmore (Ph.D. Stanford University 1991) is Associate Professor in Curriculum Studies and Teacher Development at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto, Canada. She teaches (graduate and pre-service teacher education) and conducts research in education for constructive conflict, peacebuilding, conflict resolution, equity, and citizenship/ democratization in public school contexts. Her work appears in books and journals such as Handbook of Conflict Management, How Children Understand War and Peace, Challenges and Prospects in Canadian Social Studies, Conflict Resolution Quarterly, Journal of Peace Education, Curriculum Inquiry, Alberta Journal for Educational Research, Theory Into Practice, and Theory and Research in Social Education (including guest edited 2004 issue, Education for Peacebuilding Citizenship). Her current research project, “Safe and Inclusive Schools,” probes the citizenship education implications for diverse students of the range of anti-violence, conflict education, and anti-bias policies and programming in urban public schools in three Canadian provinces.

Clarke, Simon

Simon Clarke is currently Senior Lecturer and Deputy Dean in the Faculty of Education, The University of Western Australia where he teaches and researches in the substantive area of educational leadership and management. For many years, he was also a secondary teacher of History and Social Studies.

Davies, Lynn

Lynn Davies is Professor of International Education and Director of the Centre for International Education and Research at the School of Education, University of Birmingham. Her major teaching, research and consultancy interests are in educational management internationally, particularly concerning democracy, citizenship, gender and human rights. She takes a specific focus on conflict and education, in terms of how education contributes to conflict and/or to peace or civil renewal. Her book 'Conflict and Education: Complexity and Chaos' (Routledge 2004) was awarded the Society for Educational Studies first prize for the best book of 2004. Recent research projects have included the needs of teachers and learners in global citizenship (DFID); democratisation of education in The Gambia (CfBT); the impact of young people's participation in decision-making (Carnegie); and action research on school councils (Deutsche Bank/Esmee Fairburn). She is a trustee of UNICEF UK and chairs the UNESCO Associated Schools Steering Group.

Deakin Crick, Ruth

Ruth Deakin Crick is a Senior Research Fellow at the University of Bristol, and is director of the ELLI Research Programme. She began her career as a teacher of music and PE and progressed into school leadership as a headteacher of an independent school. Following academic training in social science, education and theology, all at the University of Bristol, Ruth began a research career in school-based professional learning around the themes of values, citizenship and learning power. She went on to develop the ELLI research project, which identified characteristics of effective lifelong learners and how teachers and schools can support students as lifelong learners. She has worked on a number of systematic reviews of evidence for education policy and practice and is committed to working at this complex interface.

Dean, Bernadette

Dr. Bernadette L. Dean is an Associate Professor and Head Academic and Student Affairs at the Aga Khan University, Institute for Educational Development (AKU-IED) in Pakistan. She has been a teacher for more than 20 years working at all levels from primary to graduate school. Since the last few years she has been actively involved in citizenship education. She served as the team leader of the Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities Pakistan, Project at the AKU-IED. The project aimed to improve citizenship education in Pakistani schools through the development of a cadre of citizenship educators, development of supplementary materials and research. She has also conducted a nation-wide study to find out what are Pakistani conceptions of citizenship.

Divala, Joseph Jinja

Joseph Jinja Divala is a PhD student in Philosophy of Education, and a Tutor in the Department of Education Policy Studies at Stellenbosch University – South Africa. His research interests are in democracy and citizenship education, education and justice, and educational autonomy. Joseph’s current research is centred on higher education autonomy in Africa.

Dooly, Melinda

Dr. Melinda Dooly is a teacher trainer at the Education Faculty of the Autonomous University of Barcelona. She specialises in English as a Foreign Language although her research interests are not limited to that field. She has participated in several European projects in the areas of intercultural communication, citizenship education, language acquisition and identity and the use of new technologies as an integrated teaching strategy.

Evans, Mark

Mark is Sr. Lecturer in the Department of Curriculum, Teaching and Learning at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto. Mark has served as Acting Associate Dean (Teacher Education), Director of the Secondary Teacher Education Program and Principal of the History and Contemporary Studies Additional Qualifications Program. He teaches a variety of courses in the Initial Teacher and Graduate programs (e.g. Citizenship, Pedagogy and School Communities, Issues in Global and International Education, Teacher Education Seminar) and has been involved in a variety of curriculum reform initiatives, teacher education projects, and research studies with teachers and schools (e.g. Toronto, England, Pakistan, Russia). Mark has written and contributed to numerous articles, books, and learning resources in the areas of citizenship education, social studies education and teacher education. His current work focuses on 'teaching with deep understanding' and 'citizenship education pedagogy'.

Gill, Judith

Judith Gill is Associate Professor in Education at the University of South Australia. A former Director of the University’s Research Centre for Gender Studies, she has published extensively on the ways in which young people come to see themselves as gendered and the impact of different contexts on this experience. For the past five years she has combined with Dr Sue Howard to investigate the ways in which young Australians understand themselves as part of and respond to the country in which they live. Originally inspired by concerns about citizenship education, this research theme has developed across fields of educational psychology, sociology and policy. The long term study, supported by several funding grants, both local and national, has produced a range of publications which variously address matters concerning how young people read institutional power, questions of belonging and their understanding of the background histories and geographies of the diverse range of people who currently make up the population of Australia.

Howard, Sue

Dr Sue Howard is an expert on children’s responses to television which was the subject of her doctoral thesis and her edited collection Wired Up. She brings her well established skills in working with child participants to the investigation of the ways in which young people come to see themselves as ‘feeling Australian’. She has also researched in the area of childhood resilience and has published widely on this topic. Sue Howard is a dedicated qualitative researcher and is an expert in the use of NUD*IST and more recently NVIVO software packages for the management of non-numerical data for analysis.

Hughes, Andrew

Andrew Hughes is a Professor in the Faculty of Education at the University of New Brunswick and a member of the Citizenship Education Research and Development Group there.

Ikeno, Norio

Norio Ikeno is a Professor of Social Studies Education in the Faculty of Education at the Hiroshima University. He is a vice President of the Japan Social Studies Research Association. His main research and study interests are in the international comparison on Citizenship/Social Studies Education and in building new form of Citizenship/Social Studies Education.

Kennedy, Kerry

Professor Kennedy has played an active role in teacher professional associations and public policy forums. He was President of the Australian Curriculum Studies Association from 1995-1999. He was a Board member of the Australian Council of Deans of Education from 1995-1998. Prior to taking up his new position in Hong Kong he was President-elect of the Australian College of Education. He was Deputy Chair of the ACT government’s Ministerial Advisory Council on Public Education and he represented the Australian Vice-Chancellors Committee on the Taskforce on Teacher Preparation and Recruitment established by the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment and Youth Affairs. Professor Kennedy is a Fellow of the Australian College of Education and a Life Member of the Australian Curriculum Studies Association.

Kerr, David

David Kerr is Principal Research Officer at the National Foundation for Educational Research in England and Wales (NFER). He was Professional Officer to the Citizenship Advisory Group chaired by Professor (now Sir) Bernard Crick. The group’s final report led to the introduction of citizenship in schools in England in 2002. David is currently leading two major research projects at NFER in citizenship education. The first is a nine year Citizenship Education Longitudinal Study which began in 2001 and aims to assess the short and long-term effects of the new citizenship courses in schools on young people. The second is an evaluation of a series of pilot projects on citizenship education for 16-19 year olds. Previously, David was national research coordinator (England) for the 28 country IEA Civic Education Study, which investigated the attitudes and approaches of 14 year olds, their teachers and schools to citizenship education. David is also the UK National Co-ordinator and on the CAHCIT Steering Group of the Council of Europe’s Education for Democratic Citizenship (EDC) project. He has led a number of international seminars for the British Council on citizenship and human rights education and published widely.

Leighton, Ralph

Ralph Leighton is Senior Lecturer in Education at Canterbury Christ Church University, where he leads the team which delivers the Citizenship course within the Post Graduate Certificate in Education programme. He is a member of the standing committee of citized (, and is Citizenship and PSHE consultant to the Teacher Training Resource Bank ( Further consultancies have included Kent County Council on migrant communities, and with the Headmasters’ Conference/Girls’ Schools Association on building citizenship education into independent schools’ curricula. Since 2003, Ralph has been responsible for the design and delivery of Citizenship Education summer schools at Canterbury Christ Church University for the National Academy for Gifted and Talented Youth. Entering teaching from a background in social work, Ralph taught politics, psychology and sociology in schools in Kent, progressing into school leadership as a Senior Teacher, as well as lecturing on Crime and Society at the University of Kent Law School. With over twenty years of experience in public examination work, Ralph is also GCSE Chief Examiner in Social Science. His current research interests include the making of citizenship teachers and, in collaboration with IUFM de L’academie de Rouen, the training of teachers to address issues of Citizenship Education in Europe.

Marshall, Harriet

Dr Harriet Marshall is a lecturer in International Education at the Centre for the study of Education in an International Context, Department of Education, Bath University. Her interests are broad and include the following: global education and citizenship education; international education; globalisation, education and the curriculum; and gender and global citizenship education. She has written various citizenship education resources for students and teachers. She recently completed her doctorate entitled The Sociology of Global Education: Power, Pedagogy and Practice at Cambridge University. Before all of this she was a full time teacher of Politics, Sociology and History at a comprehensive school in East London. Contact details can be found at

Mclean, Lorna R.

Lorna McLean is an assistant professor in the Faculty of Education, University of Ottawa; her main research areas include citizenship, culture, gender and education. Her work integrates the multifaceted ways that citizenship and culture intersect with gender and education in both historical and contemporary contexts. Her co-edited book, Framing Our Past: Canadian Women’s History in the Twentieth Century (495 pp.) won the 2002 Canadian Association for Foundations in Education, a national book award. A current project explores the historical origins of citizenship education in early modern Canada (1900-1950). She plans to publish a monograph on the topic. Dr. McLean’s work on citizenship and culture extends to contemporary research on global education in a Teacher Education Program. She was a principal investigator on a collaborative Canadian International Development Agency project, “Developing a Global Perspective for Educators.”

Mycock, Andrew

Andrew Mycock PhD is Programme Coordinator for the European Science Foundation project, ‘Representations of the Past: National History Writing in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries’, based at the University of Manchester. He recently completed his doctoral thesis, currently being prepared for publication, which provides a comparative analysis of the construction of post-imperial citizenship and national identity in the Russian Federation and Britain through the introduction of citizenship and history education programmes.


Nichol, Raymond


Raymond Nichol is Senior Lecturer, Social Science Education, in the School of Education, La Trobe University, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia. He is an anthropologist and teacher educator who has researched, taught and written extensively in the fields of social, citizenship and Indigenous education. In 2003 he was Senior Fellow, Humanities and Social Studies Education, National Institute of Education, Singapore. He is the author of 'Socialization, Land and Citizenship Among Aboriginal Australians: Reconciling Indigenous and Western Forms of Education' (Lewiston, New York, Mellen Press, 2006).

Print, Murray

Murray Print PhD (Director, Centre for Research and Teaching in Civics, Faculty of Education, University of Sydney) is a recognized leader in Civics and Citizenship Education within Australia and internationally. Professor Print has directed many research projects in civics including Values, Policy and Civics Education in the Asia-Pacific Region, (funded through Harvard University); Civics Education Assessment and Benchmarking (Australian Research Council); the Consortium Project in Civics and Citizenship Education; the first phase of the IEA International Civics Study; and most recently a major ARC-funded project on youth participation in democracy. He has played a key role in stimulating citizenship education internationally and has worked on projects and delivered keynote addresses in Northern Ireland, Scotland, England, Ireland, Spain, Indonesia, Taiwan, South Korea, Malaysia, Thailand, Hong Kong, Singapore, the United States, and Canada. Currently he is Vice-President of Civitas International. Professor Print was awarded was awarded the Centenary Medal for his contributions to civic education and the community.

Ross, Alistair

Alistair Ross is a professor of education at London Metropolitan University, where he directs the Institute for Policy Studies in Education.  He coordinates the Children’s Identity and Citizenship in Europe Erasmus Thematic network.  His research interests are in social justice and equity in education, children’s social and political learning, teachers and their careers, and access to higher education.

Osgood, Robert

Robert L. Osgood, Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Educational Foundations and Chair of Graduate Studies for the Indiana University School of Education at Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI), Indiana, U.S.A. He earned his doctorate at Claremont Graduate University in California. He has taken a leadership role in the development of service-learning and the integration of liberal arts in the School of Education curriculum. His research focus on the history of special education programs in the public schools of the United States, and he is the author of the recently published The History of Inclusion in the United States (Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press, 2005).

Richardson, Wendy Klandl

Wendy Klandl Richardson is a Faculty Research Assistant in the Department of Human Development at the College of Education, University of Maryland, College Park, USA. She is a former social studies teacher and recipient of a Harry S Truman fellowship. Her dissertation earned the 2004 Bruce H. Choppin Award, which is awarded to an outstanding dissertation using IEA data.

Rowe, Don

Don Rowe was closely involved with the development of the UK government’s policy on citizenship education, first as a cross-curriculum theme, and then in 2000, as a statutory part of the secondary curriculum. As a curriculum developer, he has led projects developing new approaches to citizenship education in both primary and secondary schools, including legal, moral and political literacy as components of citizenship education. Don Rowe has also conducted research into the pedagogies of anti-racism, citizenship in youth work, and the function of school councils.

Sardoc, Mitja

Mitja Sardoc works at the Educational Research Institute in Ljubljana, Slovenia, where he is currently engaged in research projects on citizenship education, human rights, school autonomy, inclusion and equal educational opportunities. His research focuses on political theory and philosophy of education with particular emphasis on citizenship education, equality, inclusion and diversity in public education. He has edited a number of journal special issues on citizenship education, social justice and has interviewed some of the most renowned contemporary political philosophers on the topic of education and political theory (e.g. Michael Walzer, Iris Marion Young, Martha C. Nussbaum, Stephen J. Macedo, Richard Dagger, Robert K. Fullinwider, Kenneth A. Strike, Eamonn Callan, etc.). He is Executive Editor of THEORY AND RESEARCH IN EDUCATION published by SAGE, a correspondent for the Politeia Newsletter and member of the editorial board of Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies. Between 2001-2004 he has been the EDC coordinator for Slovenia during the 2nd phase of the Council of Europe's "Education for Democratic Citizenship" project. He is currently working on two journal special issues for Educational Philosophy and Theory (on Iris Marion Young and Education) and for Theory and Research in Education (on William Galston's theory of civic education).

Sears, Alan

Alan Sears is a Professor of Social Studies Education and a member of the Citizenship Education Research and Development Group at the University of New Brunswick in Canada . He has been a social studies teacher for more than 25 years working at all levels from primary to graduate school. In addition to co-editing Trends and Issues in Canadian Social Studies and Challenges and Prospects for Canadian Social Studies, he has published extensively in the area of citizenship education. He is currently principal investigator on a Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada project designed to map how middle school students in Canada and Russia think about key ideas related to democratic citizenship. Since 1998 Dr. Sears and colleagues from UNB have been collaborating with the Russian Association for Civic Education on the Spirit of Democracy Project in developing a teaching approach and materials to support teaching for and about democracy in Russian schools (

Sim, Jasmine Boon-Yee

Jasmine Sim is a lecturer in the Dept. of Humanities and Social Studies Education, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University. She is currently a PhD student at the University of Sydney and received an International Postgraduate Research Scholarship to conduct her studies.

Torney-Purta, Judith

Judith Torney-Purta holds a B.A. in Psychology from Stanford University (with Great Distinction) and a Ph.D. in Human Development from the University of Chicago. She is a developmental and educational psychologist. She has been a Professor of Human Development in the College of Education at the University of Maryland since 1981 and was previously Professor of Psychology at the University of Illinois at Chicago. She is the author or editor of six books reporting research on political knowledge and attitudes. The first was The Development of Political Attitudes in Children (reporting data from 12,000 U.S. 7 to 13 year olds, 1967), and one of the most recent was Citizenship and Education in Twenty-Eight Countries: Civic Knowledge and Engagement at Age Fourteen (reporting data from 90,000 students tested in 1999 in the IEA Civic Education Study in 29 countries). She served from 1994 to 2004 as Chair of the International Steering Committee for the IEA Civic Education Study and was responsible for the research consensus process as well as major parts of the survey design and analysis. See She serves as Senior Advisor to the Education Commission of the States (National Center for Learning and Citizenship) in Denver, Colorado, where she has worked on presentations for state and district policy makers and on a collection of assessment instruments to promote enhanced civic instruction from kindergarten through grade 12 ( She is a member of the Board of CIRCLE (Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement), and has prepared "fact sheets" on results from the IEA Civic Education Study for the CIRCLE series. Topics include the impact of in-service teacher education in increasing students' civic knowledge and the role of trust in young people's civic engagement ( She is a member of a committee designing the National Assessment of Education Progress in Civics (NAEP). She has assisted with the survey to evaluate a major intervention effort in higher education, the Political Engagement Project, at the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.

Wenshya Lee, Jenifer

Jennifer Wenshya Lee is a doctoral candidate at the Faculty of Education, University of Calgary. With considerable experience teaching Civics at the high school level in Taipei, Taiwan and Chinese credit courses at an ethnic language school in Calgary, Canada, her research interests include citizenship education, identity development in adolescence, ethnic language learning, moral and value education, and comparative and international education. She is currently completing her doctoral thesis on an international comparison of high school students' conceptions and experiences of citizenship in Taipei and Calgary.